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农业推广硕士论文第二篇:分析与研究巴彦县农业循环经济水平评价

 

  本篇文章目录导航:

  【题目】分析与研究巴彦县农业循环经济水平评价??
  【第一章】分析与研究巴彦县农业循环经济水平评价引言
  【第二章】巴彦县农业循环基本概念及理论基础
  【第三章】巴彦县农业循环研究区概况
  【第四章】巴彦县农业的循环经济水平评价
  【第五章】巴彦县农业循环经济改善对策措施
  【第六章】分析与研究巴彦县农业循环经济水平评价结论与参考文献

摘要

  随着科技的发展,环境问题逐渐得到人们的重视,而走可持续发展的道路成为了全球的共识。农业中的农业资源,作为一种可以直接被利用的自然资源进行生产的,是基础性产业。农业资源在人和自然物质交换的过程中,有着不可替代的作用,同时,也是人类对自然资源和生态环境依赖最大、影响最大的。人类经济和社会得到可持续发展的基础则是农业资源得到可持续发展,甚至影响整个地区、整个国家的发展,有着至关重要的作用。循环经济作为一种理论是示范,为农业发展可持续提供了模板。目前,世界农业发展的趋势和潮流,就是发展农业循环经济,因此,农业循环经济是巴彦县发展农业可持续的必经之路。

  本文以巴彦县为研究区,基于农业经济、循环经济等概念及相关理论,同时根据巴彦县地区自然环境、气候、资源及经济社会发展水平的不同,针对巴彦县农业生产的实际情况,构建巴彦县农业循环经济的综合评价指标体系,而指标的选择包括以下几个方面:环境安全指标、人口系统指标、经济和社会的发展指标、资源减量投入指标。根据对指标体系的评价结果,提出相应的措施,促进巴彦县农业经济循环发展。发展农业循环经济的主要目的是使巴彦县的农业资源得到重复利用,促进农业经济系统和自然生态系统和谐发展,巴彦县可以走可持续发展道路。研究结果如下:

  (1)2007-2016年经济与社会发展评价结果总体呈现波动上升趋势,总体增加了0.1734;资源减量投入的评价结果总体呈现下降趋势,总体降低了0.02;资源循环利用的评价结果总体成上升趋势,总体增加了0.1197;环境安全的评价结果总体呈现波动上升趋势,总体增加了0.1376;人口系统的评价结果呈现波动上升趋势,但总体增长幅度较小,增加了0.0781.巴彦县农业的循环经济发展整体水平持续走高,但仍显示出非均衡性。资源的减量投入是制约巴彦县农业的循环经济发展的薄弱环节,其次是环境安全环节。

  (2)根据巴彦县农业循环经济发展水平的评估结果,从资源循环利用、环境安全、经济与社会发展、人口系统及资源减量投入五方面提取相关对策,从而提高巴彦县农业循环经济水平的对策建议,主要为:优化产业结构、提高农作物产量;建少过度投入,提高资源循环经济循环利用率,技术创新,积极推广生态种植模式;扩大养殖规模,提高禽畜粪便等微生物处理量;提高农民从业人员比重和文化素质;加大队农业循环经济宣传力度。

  关键词:农业;循环经济;可持续利用;巴彦县

农业循环

Abstract

  With the development of science and technology, environmental issues have gradually gainedpeople's attention, and the path of sustainable development has become a global consensus.

  Agricultural resources in agriculture, as a natural resource that can be directly utilized, are basicindustries. Agricultural resources play an irreplaceable role in the process of human and naturalmaterial exchange. At the same time, human beings are the most dependent and most influentialon natural resources and ecological environment. The basis for sustainable development of thehuman economy and society is the vital role of agricultural resources for sustainable developmentand even for the development of the entire region and the country as a whole. The circulareconomy as a model is a model that provides a template for the sustainability of agriculturaldevelopment. At present, the trend and trend of world agricultural development is to developagricultural circular economy. Therefore, agricultural circular economy is the only way for BayanCounty to develop agricultural sustainability.

  This paper takes Bayan County as the research area, based on the concepts of agriculturaleconomy, circular economy and related theories, and according to the natural environment, climate,resources and economic and social development level of Bayan County, the actual situation ofagricultural production in Bayan County To construct a comprehensive evaluation index systemfor agricultural circular economy in Bayan County, and the selection of indicators includes thefollowing aspects: environmental safety indicators, population system indicators, economic andsocial development indicators, and resource reduction input indicators. According to theevaluation results of the indicator system, corresponding measures are proposed to promote theagricultural economic cycle development in Bayan County. The main purpose of developingagricultural circular economy is to reuse agricultural resources in Bayan County and promote theharmonious development of agricultural economic system and natural ecosystem. Bayan Countycan follow the path of sustainable development. The research results are as follows:

  (1) The results of economic and social development evaluation in 2007-2016 showed anoverall upward trend of volatility, with an overall increase of 0.1734; the evaluation results ofresource reduction input showed a general downward trend, with an overall decrease of 0.02; theevaluation results of resource recycling increased overall. The trend increased by 0.1197 overall;the overall environmental safety assessment showed a volatility, with an overall increase of 0.1376;the population system's evaluation showed a volatility, but the overall growth was small,increasing by 0.0781. The overall level of circular economy development in Bayan County's agriculture continued to rise, but still showed non-equilibrium. The reduction of resources is theweak link that restricts the development of circular economy in Bayan County, followed byenvironmental safety.

  (2) According to the evaluation results of the development level of agricultural circulareconomy in Bayan County, extract relevant countermeasures from five aspects of resourcerecycling, environmental security, economic and social development, population system andresource reduction, so as to improve the agricultural circular economy of Bayan County Thehorizontal countermeasures are mainly to: optimize the industrial structure, increase crop yields;reduce excessive investment, improve the recycling rate of resource recycling economy,technological innovation, actively promote ecological planting mode; expand the scale of breeding,and increase the amount of microbial treatment such as livestock manure Improve the proportionof farmers' employees and cultural quality; increase the publicity of the team's agricultural circulareconomy.

  Key words:Agricultural resources; circular economy; Sustainable use; Bayan County

目录

  摘要
  英文摘要

  1引言
  1.1研究背景
  1.2研究目的和意义

  1.2.1研究目的
  1.2.2研究意义
  1.3国内外研究动态
  1.3.1国外研究动态
  1.3.2国内研究动态
  1.3.3国内外研究动态评述

  1.4论文研究的主要内容和方法
  1.4.1论文的主要内容
  1.4.2主要研究方法

  2基本概念及理论基础
  2.1相关概念界定
  2.1.1农业资源
  2.1.2循环经济
  2.1.3农业循环经济

  2.2理论基础
  2.2.1可持续发展理论
  2.2.2循环经济理论
  2.2.3系统理论

  3研究区概况
  3.1自然地理状况
  3.1.1地理位置
  3.1.2地势地貌
  3.1.3水文气候
  3.1.4土壤植被

  3.2巴彦县农业经济概况
  3.3巴彦县农业循环经济发展的必要性分析
  3.4巴彦县农业循环经济发展的制约因素

  4巴彦县农业的循环经济水平评价
  4.1农业循环经济发展水平评价的目标
  4.2农业循环经济发展水平评价指标体系框架的构建
  4.2.1评价指标体系构建的思路
  4.2.2评价指标体系构建的原则
  4.2.3评价体系构建
  4.2.4指标标准化及权重确定

  4.3结果分析
  4.3.1巴彦县农业循环经济综合结果分析
  4.3.2巴彦县农业循环经济水平子系统结果分析

  5巴彦县农业循环经济改善对策措施
  5.1提高农业经济与社会发展水平
  5.1.1优化产业结构
  5.1.2提高农业作物产量

  5.2严格控制资源投入
  5.2.1减少过度投入,提高资源循环利用率
  5.2.2技术创新,积极推广生态种植模式
  5.3扩大养殖业规模,提高禽畜粪便等微生物处理量

  5.4积极促进农村组织化程度的提高
  5.4.1提高农民从业人员比重
  5.4.2提高从业人员自身素质
  5.5加大对农业循环经济的宣传力度

  6 结论
  致谢
  参考文献

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